Collection: King George III Coins 1760-1820

King George III's reign from 1760 to 1820 marked a crucial period in the evolution of British coinage. Early in his reign, the coin designs followed traditional patterns with the King's effigy, but in 1787, a significant change occurred when a new portrait, the "Bull Head" design, was introduced, created by engraver Conrad Heinrich Küchler. This iconic portrayal of the King was featured on gold and silver coins. During the late 18th century, the industrial revolution brought advancements in minting technology, enabling the adoption of steam-powered coining presses and improved striking techniques, resulting in more precise and standardized coins. In 1797, the currency crisis during the French Revolutionary Wars led to the issuance of copper "cartwheel" pennies and twopence, struck in large sizes with intricate rims to deter counterfeiting. George III's reign also saw the introduction of the first modern gold sovereign in 1817, featuring Benedetto Pistrucci's iconic St. George and the Dragon design. Overall, the coins issued during King George III's reign showcased a blend of tradition, innovation, and adaptations to the changing economic and political landscape of the time.